Who Can Make Medical Decisions in a World with HIPPA?
American’s medical records are protected by the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Neither friends nor relatives have access to our medical information without the express consent of the patient.
This is usually comforting in a world with so much data and so much communication!
But what happens when a senior needs help with his or her medical decisions? What happens if there are end of life decisions to be made?
Three legal documents give others insight and permissions on behalf of a senior.
- HIPAA authorization gives permission to the doctor to share medical information with the person(s) that the patient names.
- An advance health care directive (living will) lists/describes an individual’s preferences about medical care, including whether certain life-sustaining treatments should be administered.
- A medical power of attorney (health care proxy, durable power of attorney for health care) identifies someone who can act on behalf of the individual if needed.
It is not always comfortable to think about illness and end of life decisions. However, there are many resources available that can help. Attorneys are skilled at advising and preparing the documents. Information and forms are available in print and on the Internet, as well.
For a brief description of medical powers of attorney and living wills, look at WebMD.com’s Advance Directives.